Päivi Majaranta: “Design Issues for Mobile Gaze Interaction: Lessons Learnt from Gaze-Based HCI”

Gaze is an attractive input channel due to its unique capability to convey the focus of interest. However, since the eye is primarily a perceptual organ, using gaze as an input method poses challenges for interaction design. Whether using gaze as a voluntary control method or subtly in the background, one should make sure the user maintains the feeling of being in control. In this talk, I will summarize insights and accumulated knowledge from about two decades of research in the area of gaze based human-computer interaction. We will learn how different types of eye movements can be exploited in interaction and how to cope with typical challenges such as the tracking inaccuracy and Midas touch. We will also discuss the role of gaze in multimodal interfaces and contemplate with ideas for future developments in mobile gaze interaction.

Dr. Päivi Majaranta is a researcher at the School of Information Sciences of the University of Tampere. Her special interests are eye tracking, HCI, usability, accessibility, UX, and interaction techniques.

Takashi Kawai: “Human Factors / Ergonomics in Advanced Imaging and the Gaze Tracking Issues”

The author’s special field of research is human factors / ergonomics in advanced imaging technologies, such as stereoscopic (3D) imaging, wearable computing and virtual reality (VR). In the 3D imaging research, content analysis from cognitive and emotional aspects was performed, the results were fed back to 3D film creations. The wearable computing research was applied to product developments through assessment of user experience from the use of head mounted displays (HMD). In the VR research, various dimensions of characteristic experience in virtual environment using HMD were conducted from visually-induced motion sickness to cross-modal interaction. Common feature of the researches is the user-centered approach to advanced imaging technologies and the consideration for viewing safety and comfort. For that purpose, gaze tracking is an important tool. In the author’s talk, the outline of the researches and relevant results with gaze tracking are introduced.

Dr. Takashi Kawai is a professor at the Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Japan. His special interests are cognitive ergonomics and human factors.