Module 1: Models, methods and knowledge of care
Table of contents
Purposes and goals
Purpose 1: To know the different models and methods based on person centered care.
- to know the principles and methods of the person-centered approach
- to know the principles and methods of “bientraitance”
- to know the principles and methods of gentle care
Purpose 2: To understand the normal and pathological characteristics of the aging process.
- to know how to differentiate between the major cognitive-behavioral syndromes
Purpose 3: To reflect on the professional experience of care, the relationship of care and care at home in the light of the models and methods proposed.
- to interpret the problematic behaviors of the cared-for person and translating them into needs
Purpose 4: To adopt a relational approach person centered, in a multidimensional perspective, including all basic needs.
- to observe the person as a whole, recognising their potential, preferences and interests
- to know how to deal with specific life issues
- The representations of old age and the elderly in our society (the myths of old age)
- The evolution of "care": historical perspective and social representations
- Approaches to the care relationship
- The person-centred approach: issues and implications
- The “bientraitance”: issues and implications
- Gentle care: issues and implications
- Validation: issues and implications
The following content should be selected according to the needs of the learners
The normal and pathological ageing process
- Cognitive and psychic ageing.
- Normal and pathological ageing.
- Successful aging.
- The evolution of ageing in the future.
- Sociological and demographic data.
The consequences of aging
- The frailty of the elderly.
- The characteristics of the older person's illness.
- The expression of symptoms specific to older people.
- The geriatric patient: reserve and adaptation.
- Functional autonomy and its importance.
The major cognitive behavioral syndromes
- Neuro-evolutionary syndromes.
- Cognitive and associated behavioral disorders.
- The organisation of daily care and support.
- Confusional syndrome: care interventions and reassuring attitudes.
- The depressive syndrome and the suicidal risk: their particularities in the elderly.
Specific life issues
- The notions of consent and assent.
- Rights and freedoms, the trusted person, advance directives.
The grieving process, death.