Module 1: Models, methods and knowledge of care

Summary here, what this first module is all about.

Purposes and goals

Purpose 1: To know the different models and methods based on person centered care.

  •  to know the principles and methods of the person-centered approach
  •  to know the principles and methods of “bientraitance”
  •  to know the principles and methods of gentle care

Purpose 2: To understand the normal and pathological characteristics of the aging process.

  •  to know how to differentiate between the major cognitive-behavioral syndromes

Purpose 3: To reflect on the professional experience of care, the relationship of care and care at home in the light of the models and methods proposed.

  •  to interpret the problematic behaviors of the cared-for person and translating them into needs

Purpose 4: To adopt a relational approach person centered, in a multidimensional perspective, including all basic needs.

  •  to observe the person as a whole, recognising their potential, preferences and interests
  • to know how to deal with specific life issues


  1. The representations of old age and the elderly in our society (the myths of old age)
  2. The evolution of "care": historical perspective and social representations
  3. Approaches to the care relationship

    - The person-centred approach: issues and implications

    - The “bientraitance”: issues and implications

    - Gentle care: issues and implications
  4. Validation: issues and implications

The following content should be selected according to the needs of the learners

The normal and pathological ageing process

  • Cognitive and psychic ageing.
  • Normal and pathological ageing.
  • Successful aging.
  • The evolution of ageing in the future.
  • Sociological and demographic data.

The consequences of aging

  • The frailty of the elderly.
  • The characteristics of the older person's illness.
  • The expression of symptoms specific to older people.
  • The geriatric patient: reserve and adaptation.
  • Functional autonomy and its importance.

The major cognitive behavioral syndromes

  • Neuro-evolutionary syndromes.
  • Cognitive and associated behavioral disorders.
  • The organisation of daily care and support.
  • Confusional syndrome: care interventions and reassuring attitudes.
  • The depressive syndrome and the suicidal risk: their particularities in the elderly.

Specific life issues

  • The notions of consent and assent.
  • Rights and freedoms, the trusted person, advance directives.
  • Sexuality.

The grieving process, death.