Differentiating emotions: the role of an employee’s generation and gender in their emotional experiences of working life and work ability and their management
- To analyse the role of young employee’s emotional strain and emotion management methods in shaping their ability to work and as part of the formation of their mental health.
- To locate different generational and gendered perspectives and ways of taking care of oneself and the role of emotional challenges as part of the ability to work.
- To identify the groups of working-age people who experience emotional strain and the sense of loss of control at work.
- To review the status of emotional strain experienced at work as a factor in incapacity for work among employees representing different generations and genders.
- To provide specialists in work ability and well-being, policy guidance and work organisations with new approaches that take into account the role of emotions as part of both work and generational and gendered behavioural models.
Materials and techniques
The study includes a broad quantitative and qualitative section.
The qualitative analysis utilises extensive interview materials gathered from the municipal sector in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area.
The quantitative analyses use the Healthy Finland Survey’s materials and the register data representing the working-age population of Finland.
Results and effectiveness
The project provides fresh approaches to structuring the theme of work ability. It links employees' ability to work and mental well-being to culture, labour market status and influencing opportunities. Through the results of the project, the role of emotions and their identification and management becomes part of the social and economic opportunities within which employees and the professionals who solve challenges related to work ability operate.
The project will provide research data on population groups differentiated by emotion-based work ability. The research data will enable the development of new approaches to the challenges of work ability and mental wellbeing. By examining the change of boundaries in experiencing and structuring emotions and the resulting tensions at work, the results of the project tie the analysis of mental health and work as part of the societal change and its differentiation.
The main results of the project will be published in scientific articles and presentations. An online guide for workplaces and experts will be created based on the project, bringing together different perspectives on problems of work ability related to mental health and on managing the ability to work. The results of the project will be described in blogs, addresses by specialists and media interviews. A final report will summarise the main findings of the project.
Research Professor, Principal Investigator
Researcher, Project Manager
- Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare
- HENRY – Finnish Association for Human Resource Management
The project will collaborate with three organisations:
- Mannerheim League for Child Welfare
- OMD Finland Oy
- Kaiku Helsinki Oy
The Finnish Work Environment Fund and the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health