Exposure and health effects in metal 3D printing – Meta 3D
- Measure concentrations of particles during the different work phases of metal 3D printing and determine the most significant work phases in terms of exposure.
- Examine the characteristics of metal particles and source materials and determine the concentrations of volatile organic compounds in less frequently used metal 3D printing methods.
- Investigate total metal exposure in metal 3D printing and the early inflammatory effects.
- Survey the symptoms of employees and examine their connection to metal 3D printing.
- Assess the health risk regarding metal 3D printing and write guidelines for safe working.
Materials and techniques
We will perform occupational hygiene measurements during metal 3D printing and examine the concentrations of particles and metals in the air. Furthermore, dermal exposure to metals is measured.
We will investigate total metal exposure and early inflammatory effects regarding 3D printing using the biomonitoring samples. In addition, we will survey the symptoms of employees using a questionnaire.
Results and effectiveness
Metal 3D printing is a relatively new industry that is constantly growing and developing. In this project, we will collect information on exposure routes, factors affecting exposure, and the potential health effects of 3D printing. The project will also provide useful information on the characteristics and concentrations of chemical agents at workplaces.
This information will be particularly useful for companies performing metal 3D printing and higher education institutions that investigate 3D printing and its applications. These stakeholders can utilise the research information in the development of occupational safety and risk management, and when assessing the adequacy of technical control measures and planning safe working methods.
The project will be carried out in collaboration with the Indoor Environment and Occupational Health research group of the University of Eastern Finland.
This project is funded by The Finnish Work Environment Fund.