Spatial solutions for environmental satisfaction, well-being and work engagement in activity-based offices – ActiveWorkSpace

Space, light and acoustics in support of flexible work and work space selection. The project is called ActiveWorkSpace for short.
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Image: Piia Markkanen, University of Oulu




The aim of the ActiveWorkSpace project is to identify key spatial solutions that support the environmental satisfaction, well-being at work and work engagement of employees in activity-based offices. 

Data and methods

Multidisciplinary research groups 

The research groups of the project represent different disciplines.  The participants of the consortium of multidisciplinary research groups theorize new scientific data produced from the perspective of occupational health information (the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health), acoustic information (Turku University of Applied Sciences) and spatial planning information (the Department of Architecture, University of Oulu). 

The consortium partners have a wide range of expertise to jointly conduct transversal and longitudinal intervention studies in authentic environments. The research is based on discipline-specific and topical top scientific research and laboratory studies.

Results and impact

Through qualitative and quantitative discipline-specific research methods, the consortium partners provide a comprehensive answer to the research question: 

How do the spatial solutions of activity-based offices contribute to environmental satisfaction, well-being and work engagement?


Academy of Finland

The organization of the project

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Principal Investigator, Virpi Ruohomäki

Turku University of Applied Sciences, research and training manager, Valtteri Hongisto

University of Oulu, the Department of Architecture, consortium lead, Aulikki Herneoja

Research group

Virpi Ruohomäki, Annu Haapakangas, Ari-Pekka Rauttola, Pia Sirola

Articles produced in the projec

  • Haapakangas, A., Sirola, P., & Ruohomäki, V. (2022). Understanding user behaviour in activity-based offices. Ergonomics, 1-13 . Full article: Understanding user behaviour in activity-based offices (
  • Sirola, P., Haapakangas, A., Lahtinen, M. and Ruohomäki, V. (2022), Workplace change process and satisfaction with activity-based office, Facilities , vol. 40 no. 15/16, pp. 17-39. DOI:
  • Sirola, P., Haapakangas, A., & Ruohomäki, V. (2022). Perception of Work Environment and Well-being in Activity-based Office – Three-wave Longitudinal Study. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies.
  • Haapakangas, A., Sirola, P. & Ruohomäki, V. (2022). Workspace use, perceived work environment and employee well-being – A case study of an activity-based office . NES-2010 conference publications format (p. 83–90).
  • Herneoja, A., Ruohomäki, V., Haapakangas, A., Markkanen, P., Paananen, V., Hosio, S., Virkkala, J. & Rauttola, A-P. (2022). In search of bridging knowledge between disciplines: about spatial solutions to environmental satisfaction in knowledge work. TWR Conference Proceedings, (p. 658–668)
  • Ruohomäki, V., Sirola, P. & Lahtinen, M. (2021) Työn sujuminen, tyytyväisyys työympäristöön ja hyvinvointi monitilatoimistossa. Psykologia 56(04), 433 – 453.
  • Ruohomäki, V., Sirola, P. & Lahtinen M. (2019). Perceptions of satisfaction, collaboration, well-being and productivity after relocation to an activity-based office. Proceedings of the 50th Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society Conference (p. 206–210).

Contact our experts

Virpi Ruohomäki

Virpi Ruohomäki

Virpi.Ruohomaki [at]
+358 30 474 2941